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Trials around the world are about to explore what happens when people are guaranteed a minimum amount of money to live on. Housing benefit legislation The radical policy could reinvent our relationship to work.

This month Finland is embarking on a radical economic experiment. How to qualify for housing benefit Its government is giving 2,000 people free money for two years, guaranteeing them a minimum income.

Can i apply for housing benefit The participants – selected at random from people receiving welfare – will each get 560 euros ($600) a month and they will continue to receive the money even if they get a job.

The Finnish trial is the largest of a number of experiments looking at what happens when you give every citizen a guaranteed income – a policy known as universal basic income. Number for housing benefit “We hope that basic income will give these people a sense of financial security and the opportunity to plan ahead for their lives,” says Marjukka Turunen at Kela, Finland’s social insurance agency, which is running the trial.

It’s a simple proposal, but a radical one. Housing benefit private rent Some dislike the idea of governments handing out money indiscriminately. Housing benefit and council tax form Others worry that guaranteed incomes could make it hard to find people willing to do necessary but unpopular jobs.

Yet the policy is gaining support around the world, from Silicon Valley to India. Phone number housing benefit In the wake of the global financial crisis of 2008, many now see a universal basic income as the best way to reform struggling welfare systems, and to deal with the overwhelming economic challenges most countries are facing.

Basic income is enjoying a comeback, but the idea has been around for some time. Housing benefit easter payment dates US President Richard Nixon ran a successful trial in the late 1960s, for example. How is housing benefit paid For Nixon, it was an efficient way to reform social welfare. Housing benefit calculator uk 2015 A full rollout of the policy was only put on hold after a right-wing backlash.

Influential 20th Century economists Milton Friedman and Friedrich Hayek both thought that some form of guaranteed income was the best way for governments to alleviate poverty. Housing benefit number rotherham In his book Law, Legislation and Liberty, Hayek presented it as a way to give everyone economic freedom: “The assurance of a certain minimum income for everyone, or a sort of floor below which nobody need fall even when he is unable to provide for himself, appears not only to be wholly legitimate protection against a risk common to all, but a necessary part of the Great Society in which the individual no longer has specific claims on the members of the particular small group into which he was born.”

With social welfare coming under increasing financial and political pressure, some see basic income as an obvious solution. Housing benefit calculator Providing a basic income can actually be cheaper than existing welfare systems, mainly because a uniform payment provided to all is cheaper to implement and monitor.

Yet many have returned to the idea today because they see a basic income as a way to buffer people from a global economy in flux. Ni housing benefit calculator The shockwaves of the 2008 financial crisis still linger. What is housing benefit run on But there are also growing fears about the threats posed by automation, as robotics and artificial intelligence move into workplaces. How long does housing benefit take to come through A basic income could create the space for people to rethink their relationship to the changing world of work.

“We are hoping that these people will start looking for part-time jobs or start their own businesses,” says Turunen. Criteria for claiming housing benefit There is some evidence that this could happen. Where to apply for housing benefit In 1968, Nixon requested a trial in which 8,500 people were given a basic income of around $1,600 a year for a family of four (equivalent to $10,000/£8,070 today). Contact number for housing benefit The free money had little impact on the working hours of participants, with those who did reduce the amount of time they worked engaging in other socially valuable ventures instead.

According to Dutch historian Rutget Bregman, an advocate of basic income and author of the book Utopia for Realists, the trial had a major impact on those who took part. How to work out housing benefit “One mother earned a degree in psychology and got a job as a researcher,” he says. Housing benefit eligible rent “Another woman took acting classes while her husband began composing music.” The woman told the researchers that she and her husband had become self-sufficient artists. Housing benefit for couples Nixon’s experiment also found that young people tended to spend more time in education when they were not working.

Canada ran a similar trial in the 1970s, giving 30% of the people in the small town of Dauphin, Manitoba, $15,000 each. Does housing benefit cover service charges A 2011 analysis of the trial by Evelyn Forget, an economist at the University of Manitoba, found that high-school completion rates increased and hospitalisation rates dropped by 8.5%. Housing benefit login Employment rates amongst adults did not change at all.

Despite their apparent success, a shift in the political climate in both the US and Canada meant neither of the trials were ever expanded. Housing benefit and savings limit Could things be different four decades on?

Ontario in Canada, Oakland in California and Utrecht in the Netherlands are three places about to join Finland in setting up new trials. Documents needed for housing benefit Two local authorities in Scotland have also announced plans to run experiments in Glasgow and Fife. When will housing benefit be paid Politicians across Europe – including Jeremy Corbyn, the leader of the UK’s Labour Party – have spoken up in favour of the idea.

Would it make a difference? Around five million people receive welfare benefits in the UK. Am i entitled to housing benefit In 2015, the country’s welfare budget was £258 billion ($320bn). Housing benefit tenants If that was divided equally between the UK’s roughly 50 million adults, each person would receive £5,160 ($6,400) a year.

That’s a lot less than the £13,124 ($16,280) someone could earn in full-time work on the minimum wage set by the UK government. Is housing benefit paid weekly Many would argue for a universal basic income that is higher than that amount. How much can i earn to get housing benefit It’s also less than some people receive in existing benefits – which most systems of basic income would replace. Housing benefit calculator glasgow For example, in the UK a person over the age of 25 who is unemployed could receive up to £3,800 ($4,714) a year in jobseekers allowance and an average of £4,992 ($6,192) in housing benefits.

Not everyone likes the idea, however. Housing benefit and working A referendum in Switzerland last year rejected a proposal to give 2,500 Swiss francs ($2,418) a month to every adult and a quarter of that amount to children. Directgov housing benefit Those who opposed the plan argued that it would be unaffordable and would encourage people to drop out of work, especially those with low-paid manual jobs. Online housing benefit application form Who would choose to be a cleaner or a rubbish collector if they did not have to?

But those in favour of basic income say it could force society to reassess the value of such roles and the rewards offered to those who do them. Apply for housing benefit form Indeed, a guaranteed income – even a supplementary one – could challenge the idea that people are only valuable members of society if they work.

Modern society revolves heavily around work. Housing benefit flats to rent Our jobs are an essential part of our identity. Housing benefit claim status Unpaid productive work such as volunteering, housework and caring for dependents is undervalued, however.

Godfrey Moase, activist and assistant general branch secretary at the National Union of Workers in Melbourne, Australia, has argued that a basic income would turn our relationship with work on its head. How to claim housing benefit online “Imagine the creativity, innovation and enterprise that would be unleashed if every citizen were guaranteed a living,” he wrote in the Guardian in 2013. Housing benefit rules “Social enterprises, cooperatives and small businesses could be started without participants worrying where the next pay cheque would come from.”

Some claim it could even improve formal employment. How much housing benefit for single parent If workers feel more free to seek out jobs that suit them rather than simply take what they can get, they can demand better pay and better conditions.

It’s not all good news, however. How to calculate housing benefit entitlement Critics such as Dmytri Kleiner, author of The Telekommunist Manifesto, argue that the policy could drive up inflation because it gives people more money to spend.

There are also concerns about whether short-term trials can really reveal the sort of social changes that may occur if basic income were actually introduced over the long term. Housing benefit low income threshold Participants in a trial may use their time to study or retrain because they know they will need to look for work again once the trial ends.

And limiting participants to those who are receiving welfare does not tell us anything about what might happen if a basic income was given to everybody. Housing benefit northern ireland We will only know if a guaranteed income would challenge existing ideas about work if it is applied universally.

At the same time, the Finnish trial has also been criticised for not being bold enough. Housing benefit email The 560 euros given to participants each month will not go far in a country like Finland, where the cost of living is high.

Despite all of this, many eyes on both side of the debate will be on Finland – and the other trials to follow – to see how big a difference a little free money can make. What is low income for housing benefit Work as we know it could be on its way out.

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